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Growth in China’s energy consumption remains robust while the forms
of energy continued to diversify in 2018, according to an annual report on China’s energy devel
opment released Sunday by the China Electric Power Planning and Engineering Institute.
Total energy consumed last year reached 4.64 billion metric tons o
f standard coal, a year-on-year growth of 3.3 percent – a five-year record, according to the report.
Consumption of clean energy, including natural gas, hydropowe
r, nuclear power and wind power, accounted for 22.1 perc
ent of energy consumption last year, up 1.3 percent compared with the same period in 2017.
Non-fossil energy accounted for 14.3 percent, up 0.5 percentage points year-on-year, the report said.
China produced 3.77 billion tons of standard coal last year, up 5 percent year-on-year, a seve
n-year high. It has also become the world’s largest natural gas importer, with a heavier reliance on energy imports.
tween law enforcement departments, intelligence agencies and
private institutions. In short, it authorizes Australia’s national law enforcement to issu
e mandatory “Technical Assistance Notices”, “Technical Capability Notices” and “Computer Access and Assistance Ord
ers” to all communication providers. Upon receiving the notification and instruction, the communication provider mu
st undertake a number of activities, for example, decrypting specific communications, installing specific softw
are on the network, modifying or replacing services, providing assistance in accessing facilities, and providing sour
ce code, third-party provider profiles, network device encryption schemes, and more.
back to the US government’ s military occupation of the Philippines in the 1890s. Christ
opher J. Coyne, a professor at George Mason University in the United States sai
d in the book Tyranny Comes Home that under the leadership of Ralph Van Deman, the father of US military int
elligence, the American occupier established an advanced monitoring agency at the time to suppress rebels and dissidents.
In May 1917, Vanderman took charge of the Military Intelligence Section (
MIS), a similar surveillance facility in the United States, and which would eventually evo
lve into the US National Security Agency (NSA). In 1955, the United States further launched an intelligence gat
hering and analysis network consisting of five English-speaking countries: the United States, Britain, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand. Thi
s is the so-called “five-eye alliance.” As a result, the five countries can globally intercept and monitor telephone exc
hanges, faxes, mails and other information transmitted by satellite communications.